Paris-Orly airport: a new footbridge designed as a work of art

Vallourec provided 300 metric tons of structural tubes for the construction of this complex work of architecture.

These high-tech tubes surround the walkway throughout its entire length, both around its lower layer and its upper portion. To meet this aesthetic challenge, Vallourec paid particular attention to the state of the tubes’ surface, adding a grinding step post-manufacturing.

Most of the tubes were produced at Vallourec's Aulnoye-Aymeries site in the north of France using a totally unique patented process known as “Premium Forged Pipes®”, employing Vallourec Group's renowned industrial expertise.

The thermal treatment that the tubes received also gave them exceptional mechanical characteristics, making them very strong and resilient, necessary qualities for this type of challenging structure.

Thanks to the responsiveness of Vallourec’s teams, the tubes were delivered in record time.

 The premium production of the tubes at the Aulnoye-Aymeries forge (Northern France)

1st step: forging

After a preliminary “series preparation” phase where requirements, deadlines, and the delivery schedule are validated by engineers and technicians, production begins with hot forging of the tubes using the patented Premium Forged Pipes® process. In this process, steel billets are heated to 1,200°C in a furnace with a rotating floor. They are pierced by a punch, using a process known as the “Mannesmann process” and then forged, meaning hammered, coming out hollow and elongated.
The seamless tubes have then been manufactured, but they are still in an unfinished state. The Aulnoye-Aymeries forge is world-renowned for its ability to adapt and its responsiveness to even the most stringent customer requirements for tolerance, shape, dimensions, and related services.

2nd step: finishing

To get the required mechanical properties for this type of application, the tubes then go through a heat treatment step where they are “quenched and tempered”.
“Quenched” because the tubes, after being heated to 950°C in a furnace, are then immersed in a room-temperature water “bath”, rapidly cooling them. This process hardens the steel.
The tubes are then “tempered” by being reheated to a cooler temperature than during the quenching process, which reduces the weaknesses caused by quenching and develops the required mechanical properties.

3rd step: inspection

After air cooling, the tubes then go through a crucial non-destructive inspection step. They undergo a magnetic particle inspection. Iron powder is used to identify any cracks in the pre-magnetized tubes, which can then be repaired.

4th step: polishing

When tubes are to be visible in a structure, and to help with their bending (a delicate process for curving the tube), as is the case with the Orly walkway, the exterior walls of the tubes are polished, a process known as “grinding”. Grinding down the tubes by just a few tenths of a millimeter gives them a more aesthetically-pleasing appearance.

 

 Going further: the “Industry” market of Vallourec

Tubes for construction are part of the Vallourec's industrial business, which accounts for 17.8% of the Group's overall sales revenue.

Vallourec's premium tubing solutions have been used in the construction of many pieces of infrastructure, including bridges, stadiums, and airports, among other bold architectural projects.

In this capacity, Vallourec has contributed to major, emblematic projects such as, in France, the Mont Saint Michel walkway and the Musée des Confluences in Lyon; the Burj Al Arab in Dubai; the Sony Center in Berlin; the New York Wheel; and renovations of Brazilian stadiums for the 2014 FIFA World Cup and the 2016 Olympics.

Products provided to customers in the industrial market can also be used for other applications such as automobiles, farming equipment, self-erecting offshore platforms, hydraulic cylinders, cranes, and PREON® marine foundation systems for offshore wind turbines.

 

CAROLINE TEROIN, in charge of Industry activity  for France


"It was with pride and passion that Vallourec's teams welcomed the opportunity to participate in this work of exceptional technicity. We were particluarly pleased to accompany ADP and Baudin Châteauneuf in this adventure with our specialized industrial know-how."





Designer tubes: technical caracteristics

Thickest tubes forming the lower layer of the footbridge323,9mm diameter by 32 & 45 mm thick
Tubes forming the upper portion of the footbridge323,9mm by 20 mm
2 types of length7,9 and 8,3m
Premium-grade steelS355QH+Tcarbon steel
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 Focus on the Premium Forged Pipes® process




FLORENT hOLL, manager of aulnoye-Aymeries forge


“Thanks to the capabilities of the forge, we are able to offer our customers customized products of impeccable quality. Its great flexibility makes it possible to manufacture in small batches and to deliver with short lead times."



TO LEARN MORE

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